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Within the framework of a successful transition to IPv6, the role governments may have in relation to the entire process is of key importance.
There are countries where the involvement of authorities from areas such as communications, energy, science, technology, education, etc. have made it possible to establish regulations that, in the short or medium term, become responsible for promoting the deployment and later adoption of the new protocol.
Among others, the countries and organizations that have taken steps in this direction include France, India, Spain, Australia, Japan, United States, and Malaysia. More concretely, and with the only purpose of citing a few examples, in February 2002 the European Commission issued a communication to the Council and the European Parliament encouraging each sector of the economy to implement the actions necessary to achieve the transition to IPv6, in the understanding that integrating all efforts will result in the early implementation of the new protocol together with all the advantages it represents. Another example is the government of Malaysia that, together with the USM (Universiti Sains Malaysia) and other institutions devoted to research and development, has been working since 2005 with the aim of transforming Malaysia into an "IPv6-enabled" nation towards the year 2010 by planning IPv6 promotion and training programs. Furthermore, the United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) requires that by June 2008 the backbones of the country's federal government agencies be using IPv6.
In addition to the above mentioned examples, other movements such as national and regional IPv6 Tasks Forces are implementing actions to promote government and state authority involvement in the process.
Todos los ISPs y empresas de telecomunicaciones deberán ser "IPv6-compliant" y ofrecer servicios IPv6 para el fin del añó próximo
(2011), de acuerdo a la oficina de prensa del gobierno de India. Además, los organismos de gobierno federales y estatales deberan adoptar la
nueva version del protocolo para marzo de 2012. Estos planes se dan en el marco del despliegue de servicios 3G y de acceso a banda ancha
inalambrica. India cuenta actualmente con alrededor de 52 millones de usuarios activos...
Mas información y fuente: http://www.pcworld.com/businesscenter/article/201573/india_plans_to_introduce_ipv6_by_2012.html
El gobierno ha señalado IPv6 como una de las claves de su proyecto de Internet de nueva generacion y trabaja en una estrategia
para el despliegue comercial de IPv6. De acuerdo al Ministerio de Industria y Tecnología de Información, China necesitará alrededor de
34.500 millones de direcciones IP en los proximos 5 años...
Mas información y fuente: http://www.tmcnet.com/usubmit/2010/04/08/4716329.htm
El NRO, Number Resource Organization, compuesta por los 5 registros regionales de Internet (RIRs) insto a los gobiernos a tomar la iniciativa en la adopcion global de IPv6. A medida que se va agotando el espacio IPv4 disponible, el despliegue de IPv6 resulta crítico para poder asegurar un desarrollo continuo de la Internet. Las estadísticas que el NRO recoge muestran un incremento significativo de la demanda de direcciones IP por parte de países en desarrollo, fundamentalmente debido a la utilización de telefonos móviles y dispositivos de mano para acceder a Internet. La denominada "Internet de las cosas", donde todo tendrá conectividad a la Red, desde las TVs y consolas de juegos hasta los autos y refrigeradores, está sometiendo la infraestructura de Internet a una fuerte demanda. Para acelerar la adopción de IPv6 a nivel global, el NRO está urgiendo a los gobiernos nacionales a tomar la iniciativa en el despliegue de IPv6 y utilizar el poder que ellos tienen como principales compradores de tecnología, para impulsar a los vendedores de hardware y software a desarrollar el mercado IPv6...
Mas información y fuente: http://www.egovmonitor.com/node/36300
The Government focuses its actions mainly on supporting, creating and funding two well differentiated sets of initiatives:
In January, 2006, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India published a document titled "TRAI releases Recommendations on Transition from IPv4 to IPv6 in India." Among its main recommendations, the document includes:
1. Regulatory issues related to transition from IPv4 to IPv6
2. Encouragement by Government for IPv6 migration
3. Creation of Internet Registry in country
4. Setting up IPV6 test bed
In this case, recommendations were issued by the IPv6 TF. The IPv6 Task Force was promoted by the Government and, among others, has the following members: 6WIND, AFNIC, Alcatel, France Télécom R&D, G6, RENATER, Renault.
These recommendations were presented to the Ministry of Research and New Technologies, and can be found at: http://www.fr.ipv6tf.org/DATA/PRESS/Recommandations%20IPv6%20TFF%20(English).pdf
If you wish to download the resolution click here.
The Internet Protocol (IP) is the network protocol on which today’s Internet is based. This protocol allows a variety of different networks, computers, and other devices to communicate among themselves using a common format. Today, the Internet Protocol (IP) has matured and established itself as the main vehicle for e-commerce and many other applications.
There is a strong argument that those countries or regions with an early adoption of IPv6 will obtain economic advantages. Therefore, for the United States, the main motivator is to make sure that the American network management environment remains competitive within the international community. Some countries, notably Japan and the Republic of China, are rapidly deploying IPv6 networks. In order to be able to maintain its international technological parity, the United States must migrate to IPv6.
Beyond the federal mandate, the motivation to deploy IPv6 lies in that an IPv6-based world is inevitable. Although the precise date on which IPv4 address space will become exhausted is an issue currently under debate, sooner or later this exhaustion will occur. Therefore, it is prudent to begin deploying IPv6 today in an orderly manner, rather than being subject to accelerated expenses and last minute improvisations in the future.
Although IPv4 currently supports many applications, it evidences several limitations that complicate and, in some cases, represent a barrier that hinders the extensive development of the Internet. IPv6 was designed to overcome these limitations and barriers. Future benefits of IPv6 include:
Eliminating the need for Network Address Translation (NAT) which will:
The mandate of the United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) requires that by June 2008 all United States federal government agency network backbones support IPv6.
In the USA, deployment of IPv6 is a government mandate. Consequently, because there are no demands from the commercial sector, the transition is moving along slowly as equipment providers, all of them a part of the business sector, cannot see any benefits to be obtained by implementing the software or hardware necessary for a speedy transition.
At this point it is important to understand that the USA’s IP infrastructure uses more addresses than all of the other countries combined. Consequently, modifying this infrastructure is much more difficult than in countries with smaller infrastructure. At the moment some private companies have IPv6 networks but, because of the high operating costs involved, it is not easy to offer this service to the public. Furthermore, users will always ask “What benefit will I obtain if I implement IPv6?” The existing philosophy is that “if it’s not broken, don’t fix it.” There are currently no obvious benefits and, if no economic benefits are involved, there is no incentive to modify a network.
Most of the work that has been carried out up to date has been done by the Department of Defense (DoD). In practice, it is they who are the most advanced, closely followed by two other agencies. A major experience I’ve had was working for one of them while simultaneously having the chance to exchange experiences with all government agencies, particularly the DoD. The DoD has an advantage in that, while other government agencies must implement IPv6 in their operating structure, the DoD has an IPv6 network which is used for testing purposes. In other words, they began with an IPv6 network and moved back from there to see what would work. In general, I will summarize my impressions based on the last IPv6 summit held in March 2007 and information I have received during the past three months.
The general feeling is that it will be difficult to comply with the mandate by June 2008. However, most agencies have already complied with the following requirements:
Identifying the official who will coordinate the transition to IPv6.
Incorporating IPv6 requirements in purchasing procedures.
Completing an impact analysis and an inventory of all devices that will be impacted by IPv6 implementation.
Starting a Transition Plan.
Beginning personnel training.
Assigning Address Space
What still needs to be done:
Identifying current infrastructure.
Completing equipment replacement and upgrade.
Security policy planning.
Identifying applications that must be migrated to IPv6.
Pilots and test planning.
Note 1: Transition to IPv6 involves a group of activities that are not described above but which can be grouped within the Transition Plan. These activities are very important for the complete implementation to be successful (for further information, please feel free to contact me through my e-mail address).
Even though some agencies may have progressed more than others, at the time of writing this article I must say that during the past two weeks I have worked on proposals for two large government agencies and what still needs to be done is more or less what I have described in the list above.
It is also important to observe that NOT all federal agencies have the same requirements as the DoD. Because of its very nature, the DoD network requires many implementations that other agencies that are perhaps less important from the point of view of national security do not require.
Note 2: It is important to define expectations for June 2008. The CIO Council has interpreted the OMB mandate as follows. The Council has established that agencies must “be able to demonstrate that they are capable of performing at least the following functions, without compromising IPv4 capability or network security: “
Transmit IPv6 traffic from the Internet and external peers, through the network backbone (of the agencies) to the LAN.
Transmit IPv6 traffic from the LAN, through the network backbone, out to the Internet and external peers.
Transmit IPv6 traffic from the LAN, through the network backbone, to another LAN (or another node on the same LAN).“
Note 3: Contrary to popular belief, the biggest problem that the transition must overcome is not technical, as for the most part modern equipment complies with basic IPv6 technology. However, many people focus on technical aspects and neglect the requirements necessary for a trouble-free transition to the new protocol. The transition requires individuals that understand the technical aspects involved but that are also capable of translating these into management decisions that will comply with the requirements relating to the goals of each company. In fact, many people have no idea how to begin a transition plan or what elements are required for its implementation.